Sep 20, 2011

hepatitis B













Definition
Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) B is a disease caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV), which can cause acute or chronic inflammation of the liver are in a minority of cases may progress to liver or liver cancer sirosi. Hepatitis B Hepatitis is a disease that most often the case that are rarely known to the layman, but the virus is 100 times more infectious than HIV. Hepatitis B virus is transmitted through blood and infected body fluids, this can occur in a state;
1. Direct contact with blood blood
2. Unsafe sexual relationships
3. The use of unsterile needles
4. An infected needle stick
5. Contaminated needles used to make tattoos, acupuncture, body piercing
6. At the time of pregnancy - maternal-fetal transmission of the birthing process
7. The use of a razor blade along
8. Blood transfusion

Symptoms and Signs
The incubation period before onset of clinical symptoms of HBV approximately between 6 weeks to 6 months, but almost a third of cases of people with no symptoms at all. The rest of HBV infection can cause symptoms like the flu, accompanied by body limp and pain, headache, fever, decreased appetite, diarrhea, jaundice (yellow), nausea and vomiting. Symptoms can become heavy and last for months coupled with the pain the stomach, diarrhea, and jaundice.
Jaundice occurs in hepatitis due to liver disease can not remove bilirubin in the blood. So it can change the color of the skin and whites of the eyes become yellow.

Governance
Most people with hepatitis B do not require special treatment other than rest and they will recover completely.

If HBV infection persists for more than 6 months (chronic hepatitis infection), may be given antiviral medications called alpha interveron. Treatment aims to reduce the risk of liver cirrhosis and liver cancer

Prevention
Hepatitis B is included in the hazardous agent in health care workers, police, and service kegawat daruratan. So these workers must be careful in doing its job.

There is an effective hepatitis B vaccine to protect people from infection with HBV. Family and other household members of patients with hepatitis B should be in a vaccine against hepatitis B. Here are the ones that need to be vaccinated;

1. Family and other household members of patients
2. People who are in jobs exposed to body fluids (c /: health workers)
3. People who travel to endemic countries
4. Newborns of infected mothers
5. Drug users
6. People who are having unsafe sex
7. Prisoners

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