Sep 18, 2011


Cancer is a disease that can attack all parts of the body. Body regularly produces new cells that are useful for cell growth and to replace damaged or diseased. Normally, cells grow and develop in ways that remain. Nevertheless, there were abnormal growth (not controlled), which then seemed to be a "bump" the so-called tumor. 

The tumor consisted of benign and malignant tumors. Benign tumors are growths of abnormal cells that do not cross network boundaries, grew slowly, or webbed bersimpai wrapper so easily operated and removed. Medium tumor is malignant or cancerous growth of abnormal cells that grow rapidly, not bersimpai, growth slipped into another section through the lymph vessels.

Carcinogenesis or the occurrence of cancer starts with simple changes that often turns into benign tumors and most tumors eventually become malignant or cancerous.

Cancer cells can escape from a cancer cell of origin (primary cancer or primary cancer) through the bloodstream or lymphatic channels (lymph nodes) and spread to other body parts. When these cells reach the other part (spread) and evolve to form new tumors in other parts of the body, called secondary tumors (secondary tumors) or metastatic.

In addition to originate from the network, sometimes - sometimes blood stem cells in bone marrow can also multiply abnormally, and is known as blood cancer (leukemia), multiple myeloma and lymphoma malignum.

Looks cells - cancer cells that penetrate the network boundary locally and eventually spread through the blood vessels or lymphatic spread to other parts - parts that are far from the place of origin ("distant metastases").

Indications of very prominent cancer depend on which organs are infected, but in general gives cancer symptoms are as follows:
• artifacts bleeding or discharge that is not fair, as well as salivary fluid, continuous bleeding, nipple discharge are contained blood, bloody fluid hole intercourse outside of the menstrual cycle and menopause, found blood in the faeces, blood in urine up to cough or
vomit containing blood.
• Losing weight rapidly due to less fat and protein (kaheksia)
• Lumps in the breast
• Changes in moles or skin striking
Specifically, the cancer has a type based on the organ attacked. Fore also have typical symptoms of each, but did not rule can also be combined symptoms.

Brain Cancer
Dizziness or pain / headache, body feels weak, numbness of the arms and legs, changes in memory, difficulty walking, abnormal changes in vision significantly, difficulty speaking.
Oral Cancer
There is a thrush in the mouth, tongue and gums that do not heal.
Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Bleeding through the nose is mild to severe, or blockage of the nose, ear pain, ear ringing, discomfort, eye complaints in the form of double vision, enlargement or lump in the neck.
Cervical Cancer
The most common symptom of cervical cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting (spotting) of the vagina. Abnormal bleeding is especially true after sexual intercourse, but can occur also between two menstrual bleeding, menorrhagia, or spotting / bleeding postmenopause. If the bleeding lasts for a long time the patient may complain of fatigue and weakness due to anemia experienced. Watery yellowish spots which can be followed with the fishy smell is a sign of malignancy. Symptoms usually only appear when the abnormal cells turn into malignancy and infiltrate into surrounding tissue.

In later stages, patients may complain of smelling vaginal spotting, weight loss, and obstruction (blockage) in urination.
If the cancer has spread to the pelvis back pain may occur followed by a bottleneck in urination as well as hydronephrosis (enlarged kidneys). Symptoms of bladder or rectum (hematuri <kencing berdarah>, hematoschezia <CHAPTER bloody>, fistulas) may be associated with spread to the bladder and rectum in invasive tumors.

To become cervical cancer takes up to a dozen years. Lesions (wounds or marks) in early cervical cancer can be a lesion induration (hard) or ulceration (ulcers), or areas of little elevation (elevated) and bergranul that bleed easily when touched.
Ovarian Cancer
As many as 60% of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer has entered advanced stages of disease. Generally not found on this cancer early symptoms, if there are usually vague. The symptoms include pelvic pain, bloating, tiredness, weight loss, constipation (constipation), irregular menstrual bleeding. On physical examination found the presence of a mass or lump in the hip is a sign that should be suspected.
Breast Cancer
Lumps, thickening of the skin (tickening), change shape, itching - itching, redness, pain not related to breastfeeding or menstruating.
Gastrointestinal Cancer
The presence of blood in the stools which are marked with bright red or black, discomfort continue - constantly on the stomach, lump in the abdomen, pain after eating, weight loss.
Uterus Cancer (uterus)
Bleeding diperiode - coming month period, the expenditure of blood during menses unusual and incredible pain.
Cancer Colon / Bowel Wall
Bleeding in the rectum, there is blood in the stool, change in bowel movements (diarrhea is continuous or difficult bowel movements).
Bladder or Kidney Cancer
There was blood in the urine, pain or burning on urination, frequency or difficulty urinating, pain in the bladder. 
Prostate cancer
Urinating is not smooth, continuous pain in the back waist, penis and upper thigh.
Pallor, chronic fatigue, weight loss, often subject to infection, easily hurt, pain in bones and joints, nosebleeds.
Skin Cancer
Bumps on the skin that resemble warts (hardened like horns), infection is not cured - cured, the spots change color and size, pain in certain areas, change in skin color of the spots.
A frequent complication in cancer patients is an infection that is in people with advanced cancer. Infections caused by deficiency of protein and other nutrients as well as immune system suppression that often occurs after conventional treatment.

Cancer treatment depends on the type or types of cancer, where the origin of the cancer or its spread pattern. Age, general health condition of patients and treatment system also affects the process of cancer treatment.

Treatment is generally given by:
1. Surgery or surgery
2. Chemotherapy (with drugs - drugs) or
3. Radiotherapy (using radiation beam).
4. Hormonal therapy
5. Biological Therapy
6. Immunotherapy (an increase endurance)

In general, typically use more than one kind of treatment in the above manner, such as surgery followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy, often used in combination treatment (surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy). After that, sometimes - sometimes given hormonal therapy and biologic most suit your needs.

The main objective is to remove the cancer surgery as a whole, because the cancer can be cured only if you have not spread to other places. Sedangkn aim of chemotherapy and radiation to kill cancer cells or stop the growth of cancer cells that are still left behind, or at least slow down the development of new cancer cells.

Thus, cancer can be cured through chemotherapy and radiation treatment or when the cancer was so advanced, at least such treatment can serve to reduce the symptoms.

Foods that vary greatly needed in a balanced diet. Although we sometimes do not feel hungry, try to keep eating regularly, although only in the form of snacks.

Patients should be flexible to changes in eating patterns. Eat a big meal when appetite is good to replace the deficiency portion of the time a patient is losing your appetite. Contact your dietician for dietary problems.

The liquid is needed to flush the chemotherapy drugs in the body as well as to reduce the side effects that may arise. When the drug is given intravenously, the patient needs to drink in large quantities within 24-48 hours after chemotherapy. If the chemotherapy drug administered by mouth, so fluid that are needed at the same time at the time of drug delivery.

Ask the amount of fluid that must be taken. Soup, jelly and fruit can be consumed to replace lost fluids in addition to drinking water in significant amounts.

Skin Care
Nurture the skin during chemotherapy, particularly from rashes, infections, peeling or changes in the nails. If any abnormalities, check with your doctor.

The air is fresh and clean will greatly help the skin condition.
The skin may be changed to be more sensitive to the sun, protect by wearing a hat, long sleeves and sunscreen.

Support Family and Relatives
Every person reacts differently when I first heard they have cancer. Feelings will be chaotic and volatile. Feeling worried and depressed is a normal reaction. Some people would tend to think of just the disease while others think about treatment.

Family and friends often are needed as a companion or friend in the face of this difficult time. Talking with family and friends can ease the burden.
Sometimes - sometimes shared with outsiders more easily done. Talk to the elder person, or a religious leader.

Suffering from cancer are closely related to financial issues. It is very important to discuss with family and doctor, openly and honestly. Discuss this problem, do not be forced to bear alone.

Stay fit and active. Normal life as usual and keep to always think positive. Try to get back on its original activity after chemotherapy (talk to your boss and your doctor).

In the end, chemotherapy is a joint effort. Family, relatives, coworkers and their boss is very necessary to support and contribute to the process. PATIENT IS A KEY FIGURE in this process, guided by a skilled physician, used to dealing with cancer patients and controls regarding the drug - as well as side effects of anticancer drugs. However, the success of the responsibility of all who surrounded him, especially families, because ultimately the patient will succeed with the support of people - those around him.

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